The standard harmonic balance method (HBM), which approximates the periodic solution in frequency domain, is very popular as it is well suited for large systems with many states. However, it suffers from the fact that local nonlinearities cannot be evaluated directly in the frequency domain. The standard HBM performs an inverse Fourier transform, then calculates the nonlinear force in time domain and subsequently the Fourier coefficients of the nonlinear force. The disadvantage of the HBM is, that strong nonlinearities are poorly represented by a truncated Fourier series. In contrast, the shooting method operates in time-domain and relies on numerical timesimulation. Set-valued force laws such as dry friction or other strong nonlinearities can be dealt with if an appropriate numerical integrator is available. The shooting method, however, becomes infeasible if the system has many states. The proposed mixed shooting-HBM approach combines the best of both worlds.
Schreyer, F. and Leine, R.I.: "A Mixed Shooting–Harmonic balance method for unilaterally constrained mechanical systems", published online 2016. PDF
Schreyer, F. and Leine, R.I.: “Mixed Shooting-HBM: a periodic solution solver for unilaterally constrained systems”, Proc. IMSD, Montréal, Canada, 2016. PDF
Leine, R.I. and Schreyer, F.: “A Mixed Shooting and Harmonic Balance Method for Mechanical Systems with Dry Friction or other Local Nonlinearities”, in Proceedings of the ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Multibody Dynamics, Barcelona, Spain, 2015. PDF
Schreyer, F. and Leine, R.I.: “Finding Periodic Solutions of Forced Systems with Local Nonlinearities: A Mixed
Shooting Harmonic Balance Method”, Proc. IDETC/CIE, 2015. PDF